Packaging materials for shipping large items
Include a packing base. Shipments must be on a pallet, skid, or other forklift- and pallet-jack-accessible base with a minimum clearance of 105 mm. Pallet-jack entry is required on two sides of the base. The pallet should be made of wood and be able to withstand the stress of being hauled and lifted. Such shipments should never exceed the weight restrictions of their pallet (350 kg).
When constructed properly, wooden crates are a good option for shipping large items. To help ensure that your shipment is protected, crates should be made of quality lumber, ideally plywood. Avoid using oriented strand board (OSB), medium-density ﬁberboard (MDF), or particleboard. The size and weight of the shipment can help you decide on the crate conﬁguration and style, including what packaging materials and fastener types to use.
Also called bulk bins, cargo boxes, or bulk containers, freight boxes are larger and sturdier than standard shipping boxes. They can be made of corrugated cardboard, wood, or plastic, and they come in different sizes to accommodate a lot of different products.
How to secure freight shipments
Foam cushioning—Foam density levels vary, so make sure the foam you choose is dense enough to protect your product. It’s a good idea to test the cushioning in an environment that simulates the actual shipping conditions.
Blocking—Use blocking material like wood to prevent any movement when shipping single heavy goods. For items over 1,500 lbs., use hardwood pallets and blocking material, and use at least two fasteners in each brace to prevent pivoting and ensure adequate strength.
Tips for securing large parts
Packing long parts
During shipping, long parts can damage other cargo and can even pose a threat to trucks and planes when they’re not packed properly. It’s important to bundle, secure, and crate these items. Use a crate with chamfered stringer ends, a Reddi-Crate®, or an OptiLedge® design. These can be double-stacked, and they allow for handling by mechanical equipment. Make sure labels and paperwork will adhere to the outside.
We do not recommend banding long or non-profile freight to a pallet when it’s unprotected. It doesn’t provide outer protection for double stacking or blocking on the ends to prohibit side-to-side shifting. Shipping labels might not adhere to an uneven surface, risking shipment loss.
Packing large, flat parts
Shipping large, flat items requires appropriately sturdy shipping containers. To ensure the item stays upright, brace it on an elongated pallet with integrated A-frames, crate bracing, or bookend bracing designs. The width of the pallet base should be more than half the unit’s centre of gravity or height.
And some general tips:
- When packing for freight please be aware of exposed corners or edges. The best way to eliminate this issue would be to box parts that are to be palletized. Packaging material like kraft paper and foam should still be utilized when packing.
- Shipments of more than 30 kilograms require made-to-measure packaging.
- Maximum order weight with pallet - 350 kg. Shipments over 350 kg should be devided.
- Always put your goods in the centre of your package so they don’t touch the sides (if they do, the box may burst during transit).
- Fill up any empty spaces with extra cushioning material.
- Carefully seal the packaging using pressure-sensitive tape. The H-taping method guarantees the best result: apply 1 strip of tape along the centre seam, and 2 strips across both edge seams.
- Keep the weight and size restrictions in mind for your type of shipment (international or domestic, express or standard shipping, …) and make sure to palletise heavier shipments.